top of page

グループ

公開·23名のメンバー

Last Emperor The Palace Of The Pretender Rar


Constantine the Great moved the capital (Caput Mundi) from Rome to Constantinople, formerly known as Byzantium, in 330 AD and converted to Christianity. After this, the emperor came to be seen as God's chosen ruler, as well as a special protector and leader of the Christian Church on Earth, although in practice an emperor's authority on Church matters was subject to challenge. The Western Roman Empire collapsed in the late 5th century after multiple invasions of imperial territory by Germanic barbarian tribes. Romulus Augustulus is often considered to have been the last emperor of the West, until his forced abdication in 476, although Julius Nepos maintained a claim recognized by the Eastern Empire to the title until his death in 480. Following Nepos's death, the Eastern emperor Zeno abolished the division of the position and proclaimed himself as the sole emperor of a reunited Roman Empire. The subsequent Eastern emperors ruling from Constantinople continued to style themselves "Emperor of the Romans" (later βασιλεύς Ῥωμαίων in Greek), but are often referred to in modern scholarship as Byzantine emperors.




Last Emperor The Palace Of The Pretender Rar



The papacy and Germanic kingdoms of the West acknowledged the Eastern Emperors until the accession of Empress Irene in 797 and the Papacy then created a rival lineage of Roman emperors in western Europe, the Holy Roman Emperors, which ruled the Holy Roman Empire for most of the period between 800 and 1806. These emperors were never recognized as Roman emperors by the court in Constantinople and their coronations resulted in the medieval problem of two emperors. Most western historians treat Constantine XI Palaiologos, who died during the Fall of Constantinople to the Ottoman Empire in 1453 as the last meaningful claimant to the title Roman emperor. From 1453, one of the titles used by the Ottoman Sultans was "Caesar of Rome"[4] part of their titles until the Ottoman Empire ended in 1922. A Byzantine group of claimant Roman emperors existed in the Empire of Trebizond until its conquest by the Ottomans in 1461, though they had used a modified title since 1282.


Modern historians conventionally regard Augustus as the first emperor, whereas Julius Caesar is considered the last dictator of the Roman Republic, a view having its origins in the Roman writers Plutarch, Tacitus and Cassius Dio.[5] Conversely, the majority of Roman writers, including Josephus, Pliny the Younger, Suetonius and Appian, as well as most of the ordinary people of the Empire, thought of Julius Caesar as the first emperor.[6]


Nero was followed by a succession of usurpers throughout 69, commonly called the "Year of the Four Emperors". The last of these, Vespasian, established his own Flavian dynasty. Nerva, who replaced the last Flavian emperor, Vespasian's son Domitian in 96, was elderly and childless, and chose therefore to adopt an heir, Trajan, from outside his family. When Trajan became emperor, he chose to follow his predecessor's example, adopting Hadrian as his own heir, and the practice then became the customary manner of imperial succession for the next century, producing the Five Good Emperors and the Empire's period of greatest stability.


The accession of Maximinus Thrax in 235 marks both the close and the opening of an era. It was one of the last attempts by the increasingly impotent Roman Senate to influence the succession. Yet it was the second time that a man become emperor purely as a result of his military career; both Vespasian and Septimius Severus had come from noble or middle-class families while Thrax was born a commoner. He never visited the city of Rome during his reign,[18] which marks the beginning of a series of barracks emperors who came from the army. Between 235 and 285 over a dozen men became emperor, but only Valerian and Carus managed to secure their own sons' succession to the throne; both dynasties died out within two generations.


Theodosius I acceded to power in the East in 379 and in the West in 394. He outlawed paganism and made Christianity the Empire's official religion. He was the last emperor to rule over a united Roman Empire; the distribution of the East to his son Arcadius and the West to his son Honorius after his death in 395 represented a permanent division.


This line of Roman emperors was actually generally Germanic rather than Roman. These emperors used a variety of titles (most frequently Imperator Augustus) before finally settling on Imperator Romanus Electus ("Elected Roman Emperor"). Historians customarily assign them the title Holy Roman Emperor, which has a basis in actual historical usage, and treat their Holy Roman Empire as a separate institution. To Latin Catholics of the time, the Pope was the temporal authority as well as spiritual authority, and as Bishop of Rome he was recognized as having the power to anoint or crown a new Holy Roman Emperor. The last man to be crowned by the pope (although in Bologna, not Rome) was Charles V, who also had a claim to the throne of the Byzantine Empire through Andreas Palaiologos's designation of Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile as his heirs.[27][28][29] All his successors bore only a title of "Elected Roman Emperor".


This line of emperors lasted until 1806 when Francis II dissolved the empire during the Napoleonic Wars. Despite the existence of later potentates styling themselves "emperor", such as the Napoleons, the Habsburg Emperors of Austria, and the Hohenzollern heads of the German Reich, this marked the end of the Holy Roman Empire.


The Hakar are the original settlers of Hakarraya, taming the lands as per decree of the First Selem Empire and the last remnants of the ancient realm. As the Empire fell, local governors and nobles became petty princes and kings, deliberately muddling the true origins and history of their people while propagating the central authority, an all-powerful god-like emperor. The Hakar kingdoms declared war on one another many times over the centuries after the fall of the First Empire, aggrandizing the Old Selem Emperors as living gods and the new kings the inheritors of their divine grace. This has led to heavily idolized, absolute god-kings who maintain an iron-fisted rule over their war-weary nations. Today, only a handful of Hakar Kingdoms remain, each claiming to be led by the one true god-emperor, entrenched in deep rivalry with each other. Although open warfare is all but impossible, they still try to outdo each other with huge displays of wealth and "proof" of godhood, and in recent years have begun hosting dangerous exosuit bloodsports, simultaneously serving as a method of early release for lesser convicts, as field testing for weapons and armor research, and semi-secretly as a recruitment program for Rhemazar private military companies supplying the Hakar with the aforementioned weapons for development. As a result of the earliest Siik and Njarjirii settlers' interbreeding the Hakar are a little taller on average than the Siik and more lightly built, sometimes described as gaunt-looking by Zarrayans even when healthy. They speak Hakari, a bastardized version of ancient Selem.


The 1950s1Count BasieAtomic Basie19582Dave BrubeckTime out19593Ray CharlesThe genius of Ray Charles19594Miles DavisBirth of the cool19495Miles DavisKind of blue 19596Fats DominoThis is Fats Domino19567Duke EllingtonAt Newport19578Ramblin' Jack ElliottJack takes the floor19589Ella FitzgeraldSings the George and Ira songbook195910Billie HolidayLady in satin195811Buddy Holly & the CricketsThe "chirping" Crickets195712Little RichardHere's Little Richard195713Louvin brothersTragic songs of life195614MachitoKenya?15Sabú MartinezPalo Congo195716Thelonious MonkBrilliant corners 195617Elvis PresleyElvis195618Louis PrimaWildest195719Tito Puente and his OrchestraDance mania195820Marty RobbinsGunfighter ballads and trail songs195921Frank SinatraIn the wee small hours195522Frank SinatraSongs for swingin' lovers195623Sarah VaughanAt mister Kelly's1957The 1960s1#A Christmas gift for you (Phil Spector)19632Joan BaezJoan Baez19603BandMusic from big pink19684BandThe Band 19695Beach boysPet sounds19666Beach boysThe Beach boys today!19657BeatlesA hard day's night19648BeatlesAbbey road19699BeatlesRevolver196610BeatlesRubber soul 196511BeatlesSgt. Pepper's Lonely hearts club band196712BeatlesThe Beatles (= the white album)196813BeatlesWith the Beatles196314Beau brummelsTriangle196715Jeff BeckTruth196816Bee geesOdessa196917Big Brother and the Holding companyCheap thrills196818Blood, sweat & tearsBlood, sweat & tears196919Blue cheerVincebus eruptum196820Booker T and the MG'sGreen onions196221Jacques BrelEngregistrement public à l'Olympia 1964196422James BrownLive at The Apollo, october 24, 1962196323Tim BuckleyGoodbye and hello196724Tim BuckleyHappy sad196825Buffalo springfieldBuffalo springfield again 196726Solomon BurkeRock 'n soul196427ByrdsFifth dimension196628ByrdsMr. Tambourine man196529ByrdsSweetheart of the rodeo196830ByrdsThe notorious Byrd brothers196831Captain Beefheart and the Magic bandSafe as milk196732Captain Beefheart and the Magic bandTrout mask replica196933Johnny CashJohnny Cash at Folsom prison196834Johnny CashJohnny Cash at San Quentin196935Ray CharlesModern sounds in country and western music196236ChicagoChicago transit authority196937Leonard CohenSongs from a room196938Leonard CohenThe songs of Leonard Cohen196839John ColtraneA love supreme196440Sam CookeLive at the Harlem square club, 1963198541Country Joe and the FishElectric music for the mind and body196742CreamDisraeli gears196743Creedence clearwater revivalBayou country196944Creedence clearwater revivalGreen river196945Crosby, Stills & NashCrosby, Stills & Nash196946Miles DavisIn a silent way196947DonovanSunshine superman196648DoorsThe Doors196749Dr. JohnGris-gris196850Nick DrakeFive leaves left196951Bob DylanBlonde on blonde196652Bob DylanBringing it all back home196553Bob DylanHighway 61 revisited196554Bob DylanThe freewheelin' Bob Dylan196355Electric prunesI had too much to dream (last night)196856Bill Evans trioSunday at the Village Vanguard196457Everly brothersA date with the Everly brothers196158Fairport conventionLiege & lief196959Fairport conventionUnhalfbricking196960Flying burrito brothersThe gilded palace of sin196861Aretha FranklinI never loved a man (the way I love you)196762Aretha FranklinLady soul196863Stan Getz and Joao GilbertoGetz/Gilberto196464Stan Getz & Charlie ByrdJazz samba196265Astrud GilbertoBeach samba196766Grateful deadLive/Dead196967Merle HaggardI'm a lonesome fugitive196768Isaac HayesHot buttered soul196969Jimi HendrixAre you experienced?196770Jimi HendrixAxis : bold as love196771Jimi HendrixElectric ladyland196872Incredible string bandThe hangman's beautiful daughter196873Iron butterflyIn-a-gadda-da-vida196874Bert JanschBert Jansch196575Jefferson airplaneSurrealistic pillow196776King CrimsonIn the court of the Crimson king196977B.B. KingLive at the Regal196478KinksArthur, or the decline and fall of the British empire196979KinksFace to face196680KinksSomething else by the Kinks196781KinksThe Kinks are the Village green preservation society196882Led zeppelinLed zeppelin 1196983Led zeppelinLed zeppelin 2196984Jerry Lee LewisLive at the Star club Hamburg 196585LoveDa capo196786LoveForever changes196787Loretta LynnDon't come home a drinkin' (with love on your mind)196788Miriam MakebaMiriam Makeba196089Mama's and the Papa'sIf you can believe your eyes and ears196690John MayallBluesbreakers with Eric Clapton196691MC5Kick out the jams196992Charles MingusThe black saint and the sinner lady196393Moby grapeMoby grape196794MonkeesHeadquarters196795MonksBlack Monk time196696Van MorrisonAstral weeks196897Fred NeilFred Neil196798NicoChelsea girl196799Laura NyroEli and the thirteenth confession1967100Os mutantesOs mutantes1968101Buck OwensI've got a tiger by the tail1965102PentangleBasket of light1969103Pink floydThe piper at the gates of dawn1967104Elvis PresleyElvis is back!1960105Elvis PresleyFrom Elvis in Memphis1969106Pretty thingsS.F. sorrow1968107Ray PriceNight life?108Quicksilver messenger serviceHappy trails1969109Otis ReddingOtis blue - Otis Redding sings soul1966110Paul Revere and the RaidersMidnight ride1966111Rolling stones12 x 51964112Rolling stonesAftermath1966113Rolling stonesBeggars banquet1968114Rolling stonesLet it bleed1969115Ravi ShankarSounds of India1968116Shivkumar Sharma, Brij Bushan Kabra & Harprasad ChaurasiaCall of the valley?117Simon and GarfunkelBookends1968118Simon and GarfunkelParsley, sage, rosemary and thyme1966119Nina SimoneWild is the wind1966120Frank SinatraFrancis Albert Sinatra & Antonio Carlos Jobim1967121Sly and the family StoneStand!1969122Small facesOgden's nut gone flake 1967123Jimmy SmithBack at the chicken shack1961124SonicsHere are the Sonics1965125Alexander 'Skip' SpenceOar1969126Dusty SpringfieldA girl called Dusty1964127Dusty SpringfieldDusty in Memphis1968128StoogesThe Stooges1968129TemptationsCloud nine196913013th Floor elevatorsThe psychedelic sounds of the 13th Floor elevators1966131TrafficTraffic1968132United States of AmericaThe United States of America1968133Caetano VelosoCaetano Veloso1968134Velvet undergroundVelvet underground1968135Velvet undergroundVelvet underground + Nico1967136Velvet undergroundWhite light/white heat1968137Scott WalkerScott 21968138Scott WalkerScott 41969139Muddy WatersMuddy Waters at Newport1960140WhoMy generation1965141WhoThe Who sell out1967142WhoTommy1969143YardbirdsThe Yardbirds (a.k.a. Roger the Engineer)1966144Young rascalsGroovin'1967145Neil YoungEverybody knows this is nowhere 1969146YoungbloodsElephant mountain1969147Frank Zappa & the Mothers of inventionFreak out!1966148Frank ZappaHot rats1969149Frank Zappa & the Mothers of inventionWe're only in it for the money1968150ZombiesOdessey & oracle1968The 1970s1AbbaArrival19762AC/DCHighway to hell19793David AcklesAmerican gothic19724AdvertsCrossing the Red sea with the Adverts19775AerosmithRocks19766AerosmithToys in the attic19757Allman brothers bandAt Fillmore east19718Joan ArmatradingJoan Armatrading19769B-52'sThe B-52's197910Bad companyBad company197411Syd BarrettThe madcap laughs197012Beach boysSurf's up197113Bee geesTrafalgar197114Jorge BenAfrica Brasil197615Big starNo. 1 record197216Big starThe third album/Sister lovers197817Black sabbathBlack sabbath197018Black sabbathBlack sabbath, vol. 4197219Black sabbathParanoid197120BlondieParallel lines197821BostonBoston197622David BowieAladdin sane197323David BowieHeroes197724David BowieHunky dory197125David BowieLow197726David BowieStation to station197627David BowieThe rise and fall of Ziggy Stardust and the spiders from Mars197228David BowieYoung Americans197529Tim BuckleyGreetings from L.A.197230Rahul Dev BurmanShalimar (soundtrack)?31Burning spearMarcus Garvey197532BuzzcocksAnother music in a different kitchen197833John CaleParis 1919197334CanFuture days197335CanTago mago197136CarpentersClose to you197037CarsThe Cars197838Cheap trickAt Budokan197939ChicC'est Chic197840ChicRisqué197941Eric Clapton461 Ocean boulevard197442Gene ClarkGene Clark (= White light)197143Gene ClarkNo other197444ClashLondon calling197945ClashThe Clash197746Leonard CohenSongs of love and hate197147Willie Colón & Rubén BladesSiembra197848Alice CooperBillion dollar babies197349Alice CooperSchool's out197250Elvis CostelloArmed forces197951Elvis CostelloMy aim is true197752Elvis CostelloThis year's model197853Creedence clearwater revivalCosmo's factory197054David CrosbyIf I could only remember my name197155Crosby, Stills, Nash & YoungDéjà vu197056CrusadersStreet life197957Holger CzukayMovies197958DamnedMachine gun etiquette197959Miles DavisBitches brew197060Deep purpleIn rock197061Deep purpleMachine head197262Deep purpleMade in Japan197263Derek and the DominosLayla and other assorted love songs197064DevoQ: Are we not men? A: We are Devo197865DictatorsGo girl crazy!197566DionBorn to be with you197567Dire straitsDire straits197868DoorsL.A. woman197169DoorsMorrison hotel197070Nick DrakeBryter layter197071Nick DrakePink moon197272Ian Dury and the BlockheadsNew boots and panties197773Bob DylanBlood on the tracks197474EaglesHotel California 197675EaglesThe Eagles197276Earth, Wind & FireThat's the way of the world197577Electric Light OrchestraOut of the blue197778Joe ElyHonky tonk masquerade197879Emerson, Lake & PalmerPictures at an exhibition197180Emerson, Lake & PalmerTarkus197181Brian EnoAnother green world197582Brian EnoBefore and after science197783Brian EnoHere come the warm jets197384Brian EnoMusic for airports (ambient 1)197885FacesA nod is good as a wink to a blind horse197186Marianne FaithfullBroken English197987FallLive at the Witch trials197988FaustFaust IV197389Flamin' grooviesTeenage head197190Fleetwood macRumours197791Fleetwood macTusk197992Peter FramptonFrampton comes alive!197593FunkadelicMaggot brain197194FunkadelicOne nation under a groove197895Peter GabrielPeter Gabriel (1)197796Serge GainsbourgL'histoire de Melody Nelson197197Gang of fourEntertainment!197998Marvin GayeHere, my dear197899Marvin GayeLet's get it on1973100Marvin GayeWhat's going on1971101GenesisSelling England by the pound1973102GenesisThe lamb lies down on Broadway1974103GermsGI1979104Grateful deadAmerican beauty1970105Al GreenLet's stay together1972106Herbie HancockHeadhunters1973107Emmylou HarrisPieces of the sky1975108George HarrisonAll things must pass1970109Sensational Alex Harvey bandNext1973110HawkwindSpace ritual1973111Isaac HayesShaft (soundtrack)1971112Incredible bongo bandBongo rock1973113Isley brothers3+31973114Michael JacksonOff the wall1979115JamAll mod cons1978116JapanQuiet life1979117Jean-Michel JarreOxygene1977118Keith JarrettThe Köln concert1975119Waylon JenningsHonky tonk heroes1973120Jethro tullAqualung 1971121Billy JoelThe stranger1977122Elton JohnGoodbye yellow brick road1973123Elton JohnMadman across the water1972124George JonesThe grand tour1974125Janis JoplinPearl1970126Joy divisionUnknown pleasures1979127King CrimsonLark's tongues in aspic1973128Carole KingTapestry 1971129KissDestroyer1976130KraftwerkAutobahn1974131KraftwerkThe man machine1978132KraftwerkTrans Europe Express1977133Fela KutiLive! : with Ginger Baker1971134Fela KutiZombie1977135Led zeppelinLed zeppelin 31970136Led zeppelinLed zeppelin 41971137Led zeppelinPhysical graffiti 1975138John LennonImagine1971139John LennonJohn Lennon/Plastic Ono band1970140Lynyrd skynyrdPronounced Leh-Nerd-Skin-Nerd1973141MagazineReal life1978142ManassasManassas1972143Bob Marley and the WailersCatch a fire1973144Bob Marley and the WailersExodus1977145Bob Marley and the WailersNatty dread1974146John MartynOne world1977147John MartynSolid air 1973148Hugh MasekelaHome is where the music is1972149Curtis MayfieldSuperfly (soundtrack)1972150Curtis MayfieldThere's no place like America today1975151Paul McCartney and WingsBand on the run1973152Paul McCartneyMcCartney1970153Don McLeanAmerican pie1971154Meat loafBat out of hell1977155Joni MitchellBlue1971156Joni MitchellCourt and spark1974157Joni MitchellHejira1976158Joni MitchellThe hissing of summer lawns1975159Modern loversThe Modern lovers1976160Van MorrisonIt's too late to stop now1974161Van MorrisonMoondance1970162Mott the hoopleMott1973163Milton Nascimento & Lo BorgesClube da Esquina1972164Willie NelsonRed headed stranger1975165Willie NelsonStardust1978166NeuNeu! 751975167New York dollsNew York dolls1973168Randy NewmanGood old boys1974169Randy NewmanSail away1972170Harry NilssonNilsson Schmilsson1971171Nitty gritty dirt bandWill the circle be unbroken, volume one1972172Gary NumanThe pleasure principle1979173Mike OldfieldTubular bells1973174Only onesThe Only ones1978175Shuggie OtisInspiration information1975176ParliamentMothership connection1975177Gram ParsonsGrievous angel1974178Dolly PartonCoat of many colors1971179Penguin cafe orchestraMuzik f


グループについて

グループへようこそ!他のメンバーと交流したり、最新情報をチェックしたり、動画をシェアすることもできます。
bottom of page